Cosplayer Feature: Emerii!

Emerii's steampunk outfit
Photo by Saturn 7 Photography
Emely, aka Emerii has been cosplaying since 2012, after learning about the hobby in 2009. In 2013, she picked up a sewing machine and crafted her first cosplay, Sailor Fluttershy (MLP).

Sailor Fluttershy!
Photo by Tazirai on
When searching for cosplay-related things, Emeruui’s number one go-to place is A lot of cosplayers can probably relate to that, since Amazon has so many resources within it, and it’s easy to search. If you’re working on a cosplay, Emerii offers the following advice: Plan ahead, and don’t wait until the last minute! Also be creative and have fun!

Her favorite outfits are her Steampunk outfit and her Alice in Wonderland cosplay.
Photo by Saturn 7 Photography

Emerii’s favorite convention/cosplay event is Animazement. She loves the crowd, friendly atmosphere, and meeting lots of new people there. “I'm normally a really, really shy person,” she says, “but in cosplay, I'm really a social butterfly!” She also enjoys cosplay gatherings about as much as conventions.

Some parting words of wisdom from Emerii? “Remember to have fun and respect everyone!”

Want to follow Emerii's future cosplay endeavors? Check her out on BlogSpotFacebook, Twitter, YouTube, WorldCosplay, Instagram, or Tumblr!

SacAnime Plans

With SacAnime literally right around the corner (tomorrow!), I thought I'd do a roundup summary thing of my plans.

My boyfriend and I will be arriving on Friday, checking into the hotel, and picking up badges. We have VIP tickets, so we'll probably go to the VIP autograph session, but other than that, I don't know if we'll be at the convention much on Friday, I really want to go swimming! We'll be there all day Saturday and then we're leaving on Sunday.

I'll be cosplaying pre-time-skip Yoko (Gurren Lagann) on Saturday, and Chi (Chobits) on either Friday or Sunday depending on what all is happening and whether or not I feel like dressing up either of those days.

Here are some progress photos for Yoko though! I made the bracers, altered the gloves, fixed up the boots some, and made the hairclip. I'd like to do a lot more before I wear this again (Fanime, probably), but for now, I'm pretty happy with everything!

Heroes of Cosplay, Season 1.5: Final Thoughts

I didn't do an "initial thoughts" post at the beginning of Season 1.5 because my thoughts hadn't changed much, if at all, since the previous half-season. Anyway, I'll do some wrap-up thoughts now.

First of all, I still love this show, and probably for all the wrong reasons. I love watching things that make me cringe and "trainwrecks" so to speak. ("It's just so awful, I can't look away!") This season had less drama and more costumes though, so that was cool. We saw a little more of people processes, I think, even if it still wasn't a lot.

The "coming up next..." and recaps before and after every commercial break ate up so much time though! It's almost as if the producers/network decided that if there wasn't enough drama, they were going to fill time with... With what? Suspense? There was nothing suspenseful about seeing the same clip of someone freaking out 5+ times before the entire scenario was shown and resolved. Almost every "dramatic" scenario was resolved almost instantly too, once they showed it in real-time instead of cutting back and forth to cast members' shocked faces.

"I'm not done!"
*shocked face*
*shocked face*
*concerned face*
"I don't know if I'll be able to finish!"
*more shocked faces*
-cut to commercial-
"[Name] still isn't done with their costume, and the clock is ticking down until the [Convention Name] cosplay contest."
"I'm not done!"
*shocked face*
*shocked face*
*concerned face*
"I don't know if I'll be able to finish!"
-cut to a different person freaking out about something else-

There you go, that's the show. Good lord, that gold so old, so fast.

Also, the screen time between cast members was not split up very well. While we're looking at three or so people's shocked faces for at least 5 minutes per episode, other cast members are just blips on the radar, sort of, "Oh yeah, they're at this convention too, out having fun. Now back to the shocked faces!" I was happy to see more cast members, but overall, their addition wasn't handled well by the show itself.

All of that is more about the editing, which has been my biggest complaint the entire time. As for the content, it's still about the same as the first half of the season, with slightly less drama. I still feel like the the show itself is a fairly accurate look into the competitive side of cosplay. We saw the late-nights, the sewing mistakes, the trying (and failing) at new techniques, and the pouring hours of labor into a costume just to come out of the contest with nothing at all. It happens. The fact that the cast of HoC is on TV while going through all of that kind of makes me feel bad for them. It's hard enough to put so much effort into something and get your hopes up so high and have it be all for naught, but then to have cameras follow you around through the whole thing and have it broadcast internationally, that really hurts the pride.

Some would definitely say that some of the cast members needed a hit to the ego, and I'm not going to disagree, but that's a big hit to the ego all at once. In any case, it happens just as much outside of the show as it did on HoC, so I'm okay with it.

I guess my biggest gripe with the cast themselves would be that they show a lot of techniques and materials that a lot of cosplayers don't use, like metal casting, and even making molds in general. More and more cosplayers are starting to do this, but definitely not the majority. Watching the show, I almost felt pressured to step up my game and start learning how to use more materials just to "keep up", so to speak. I guess it's good to be inspired to expand my skillset, but it really did feel like a pressure for a while. I had to take a step back and put things into perspective a little after watching a couple of episodes.

Another issue I had was that the cast all seemed to want to have big "Wow factors" (they over-used that phrase so much too), and yet their basic construction skills were severely lacking. I understand that they were on a time crunch, but in my experience, especially when there's pre-judging, good construction usually wins out over large, messy props. We saw a little bit of that in one episode (I think the only episode with pre-judging too), when two large costumes didn't win because they were sloppy and/or unfinished. Also there was an episode where it seemed like almost every single cast member wanted to use LED lights, and then none of them won. A bunch of stuff went wrong with the LEDs too, which was fun to watch because why would you leave them on when you're just standing in line backstage, turn them off and save the batteries, what are you doing!?

I think that the show's biggest downfall though is the cosplay community itself. We are such a tight-knit community with multiple online forums that their reality-show editing can't penetrate. Overall, I think the show would be more enjoyable if I didn't know what was going on behind-the-scenes. If I didn't know that contests were stacked in the cast's favor, and I could get mad at the cast for starting a week before the convention and not know that it's because the show doesn't tell them where they're going until a week before. I could definitely enjoy the show more if I didn't know that the SyFy camera crew was rude and manipulative toward non-cast convention attendees.

After all of that ranting, it doesn't sound like I like the show much, heh. I think it's easier to pick on the things that I don't like than it is to highlight the things that I do like. Also, the things that I do like are still the same as the things I liked about the first half of the season.

Here's the things I liked though:

  • The realism of the cast frequently losing contests despite their hard work.
  • Showing that procrastination (intentional or not) hardly pays off.
  • Seeing the construction process.
  • If these guys can crank out costumes in a week and win, I can labor over something for a month and win.
Some things that I think the community at large could have learned from or like about the first half of the season no longer apply because some cast members did not return for the second half.

All in all, I will continue to be a glutton for punishment and watch as long as I can!

How to Start a Cosplay

One of the questions most frequently asked by new cosplayers is, "How do I start?" Whenever I get messages or comments with this question, I have to sit there and stare at the words for a while. Sometimes I'm not sure I understand what they're asking. I've been cosplaying for so long that all the prep work is almost second-nature, and my "start" of a project is buying the fabric and cutting into it, but that's not really the beginning.

First I choose what character I want to be, and then I study them. I stare at reference pictures, look up multiple angles and detail photos. I make sketches, even if they're not always good, to familiarize myself with details. I break down the costume into pieces and layers, and draw out each one. Then I look at material options, fabric types, what fabric folds and flows the way the character's does, what fabric the character would have access to, and what needs to be bought and where.

After you've got all of that down, and you know what you're getting yourself into, the fun starts. If I'm using fabric, I need a pattern that's at least close to what I'm making, and I'll probably need to make a mock-up to alter. If I'm making props, I study different techniques and materials to find the easiest and most cost-effective way to make the cleanest-looking prop possible. Probably do some test pieces first.

Then I just.. Do it! After collecting materials and resources, it's time to get things done! Pick a part, and start working on it!

How to Read Sewing Patterns (Part 3): Examples

Part 3: Examples



The following is a Simplicity pattern piece for a dress:
Each size that the piece comes in is written next to (usually inside of) the line that it corresponds to. The pattern also indicates its number (9), name (back lining), and what style of dress it's for (A).
Looking closer, the pattern also indicates to cut two pieces, in this case, they should be two mirrored pieces. An easy way to cut two mirrored pieces is to fold your fabric in half and pin it together. That way you only have to cut once, but you'll end up with two pieces. There are also notches to cut out in the arm hole, a straight of grain line and lengthen/shorten lines. On this dress, to shorten it, you fold on either of the lengthen/shorten lines and bring the fold up toward the dotted line.


Here's an example of a Butterick skirt pattern:
This pattern shows the sizes (16, 18, 20) number (7), name (back), style (B), straight of grain line, and to cut 2.
The closer look at this pattern is more complicated. It uses diamonds and numbers to indicate pieces that need to be lined up. There are doted lines to indicate darts at the top. You would mark and sew on the dotted lines that correspond to the size you're making. The center back is marked, which just indicates where the middle of the back of the finished garment will be. Above that, there's a strange line with triangles on either size. This represents a zipper. This is an uncommon symbol, but was described in the instruction booklet, and is a good example of why it's always good to give the instructions a quick glance.


Our next example was taken from a McCall's pants pattern, but was shortened because the bottom of the pattern had no symbols worth taking a look at (so pretend it's shorts):
Once again, we see the sizes, number, name, style, cut 2, and straight of grain.
This pattern uses diamonds and numbers to indicate which pieces line up. For example, you would look for another pattern piece that had two diamonds with a 6 next to them, and after you cut it out, that piece would be sewn to the top of this one so that the diamonds would match up.


This is one of the most complicated patterns I've ever used, so I thought it would be a good idea to include it here. It's a Burda brand sweater pattern:
This pattern uses dotted lines as the cutting lines to differentiate between sizes and patterns. Before we get into that though, let's look at the usual: it indicates size, number, name, style, and to cut 2. Now onto the slightly more confusing part:

The multiple dotted lines across the middle and bottom indicate which lines to cut on for different styles of sweater. The bottom lines are for sweater styles B and E, above that is for styles A and D, and finally the topmost ones are for style C.
Once you've figured out where to cut, it gets a little simpler, but still weirder than other patterns I've worked with. You can see three sets of lengthen/shorten lines. In addition, this pattern uses both circles and lines to show where to line pieces up. There are circles in the corners, with the numbers 1 and 2, so you would find other pieces with circles labeled 1 and 2 to line up there. Also on the left, there are short lines, one of which is labeled with a 3. To line this piece up, you'd look for another pattern piece that had the same lines and a 3.

Summary/Closing Thoughts

That's about all I can think to write about patterns. Hopefully this, in combination with Parts 1 and 2, will help a few people understand sewing patterns a bit more! As mentioned in Part 1, this tutorial was based on a panel that I gave at Fanime 2014. I'd love to give the panel again, as well as keep this guide as complete and up-to-date as possible, so please feel free to ask any questions you have and give me feedback!

You can contact me on my blog, Facebook, Tumblr, and!

How to Read Sewing Patterns (Part 2): Pattern Pieces & Vocabulary

Part 2: Pattern Pieces & Vocabulary

Pattern Pieces

Almost every pattern gives you pieces to make multiple things. The pattern used in this example can be used to make three different styles of a summer dress. This means that you're not going to use every single pattern piece enclosed.

Some pattern instruction manuals will have a page that shows you exactly which pieces you need for each design. It looks something like this:

In the above example, you need the front, side front, back, side back, and shoulder strap for all of the dresses, and you can tell this because there's no style letter specified next to them in the list. On the other hand, you only need the ruffle and the linings for dress style A, and that's shown by the letter "A" written next to each one on the list.

Here's another example of how it may be shown:
This pattern is for a wizard costume, and is a little more complicated, but it's also laid out a bit easier. The costume piece that you can make is in bold, and then the pattern pieces you need to make it are listed below. (The list on the right is a Spanish translation.)

Another way you can tell what pieces you need is by checking farther into the instructions, near where they start talking about how to lay out the pattern pieces to cut them out of your fabric.
(I apologize for the blurriness, but I'll explain.) It specifies which dress style you'll be making, and then directly underneath says, "USE PIECES 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6". It should be noted that this does not include the lining, and the lining pieces are farther down the page. (You can see where it says "LINING A" at the bottom of the photo.)

If all of that is too cluttered-looking, or if the instruction booklet isn't laid out either of those ways for some reason, you can usually tell which pieces you need by looking at the pieces themselves. The following is from a Burda sweater pattern:
At the top is the piece number, followed by what piece it is. The letters below describe what style of sweater it can be used for. This piece can be used for sweater styles A, B, C, D, and E (all of which would be found on the front of the pattern packaging). This pattern piece also instructs the user to cut two pieces of it (usually mirrored pieces, further instructions for that would be found in the instruction booklet that comes with the pattern). There is a note that seam allowance is included, and then the pattern number.


Here are some common symbols and vocabulary used in/on patterns.

Grain Line - "Place on straight grain of fabric parallel to selvage"
(This is the most difficult of the vocabulary to understand, so forgive me if this section is a little long.) The grain line is a (usually vertical) line with an arrow at each end (shown left). The selvage or "selvage edge" as it's sometimes called is the side of the fabric, as opposed to being the top or the bottom. On a bolt of fabric or a cut of fabric, the selvage edges are sometimes treated so that they won't fray, and they'll look different from the rest of the fabric in some way.

The grain line or selvage can also be called the weave. The weave is the "up and down" of fabric, and the "left and right" is called the weft. An easy way to remember this, as taught to me by my costume construction teacher, is that the weft goes "weft and wight" (left and right), and the weave is the other way. It sounds silly, but it's easy to remember.

So how do you tell which way is which? The easiest way is to watch the fabric being woven, but the second-easiest is to see it on the bolt before you buy it. Here I have a beautifully rendered MS Paint version of a bolt of fabric with everything marked:
The grain line on the sewing pattern lines up with the weave or the selvage. On the pattern piece, it usually looks like this (this is pattern piece number 3 of the dress pattern that I referenced earlier):

Place of Fold - "Place the arrows facing the fold of fabric"

The place on fold line is bent at the ends with two arrows pointing toward the edge of the pattern. To use the place on fold line, fold your fabric in half, and line up the edge of the pattern that the arrows are pointing to with the fold of the fabric. After you cut out the pattern, you will have one symmetrical piece of fabric. Place on fold lines are often seen on the fronts of dresses and shirts, and sometimes on the backs of jackets.


Notches - "Cut out notches on curved edges"

Notches are represented with triangles, and you cut them out of your fabric. They're seen on curves such as armholes and waists. This is so that when you either hem or line your garment, the fabric won't bunch up on the curve.


Dots & Diamonds - "Line up pattern layers/edges"

Circles, diamonds, and sometimes other shapes, such as triangles or squares, are used to line up the pieces of your pattern that are meant to be sewn together. Sometimes the shapes will have numbers next to them, and you would for example line Circle 4 up with Circle 4, and Circle 2 lines up with Circle 2. Other times, there will be multiples of the same shape, so you would line up a row of three diamonds with another row of three diamonds, etc.

In the case of triangles, if they are pointing inward toward the middle of the pattern, they are notches and should be cut out, but if they are pointing outward and away from the pattern, they are used for lining up edges.


Cutting Line - "Cut on this line to cut out your pattern"
Cutting lines can be solid or dotted, but are most often solid. If a pattern comes in multiple sizes, you can find the sizes written next to the cutting lines, and you would cut on the line that matches the size that you need.


Lengthen or Shorten Lines -
  1. Make the garment longer by cutting between the lines and separating them the desired length.
  2. Make the garment shorter by folding on the lower line and bringing it closer the desired amount toward the top line.
Some patterns have more intricate instructions on lengthening or shortening garments, so always try to double-check.


Dotted Lines - Usually the lines you sew on.
  1. Seam allowances
  2. Darts
- Sometimes the cutting lines
Darts that show seam allowances are usually marked as "seam allowance", and darts are characterised by their triangular shape. If a dotted line is intended to be cut on, you will find the size number next to it, and it will sometimes have a pair of scissors printed on or near it.

[Part 1: Brands, Packaging, & Measurements | Part 3: Examples]

How to Read Sewing Patterns (Part 1): Brands, Packaging, & Measurements

Since my "Sewing: How to Read Patterns" panel at Fanime went over so well, and because a couple of people requested it, I'll be basically converting the panel into written tutorials. (Maybe videos too, but don't count on it because I suck at doing videos.)

Part 1: Brands, Packaging, & Measurements


There are a lot of different brands of sewing patterns, but in general, they use the same terminology and symbols.

The brands that I used in this tutorial include:

  • Simplicity
  • Butterick
  • McCall's
  • Burda
Other brands include Vogue, New Look, Kwik-Sew, and many more. The overall simplest patterns to use are, as the name implies, Simplicity. Newer Simplicity patterns, dated from the 2000's onward, can still be quite complex, but not as much as some other brands. Older patterns, Simplicity or otherwise, such as those from the 1980's, are a lot simpler, but it's a bit of a double-edged sword. Though there's less terminology and symbols to look at, there's also less guidance. Older patterns were of the cut-and-sew variety, meaning the pattern was only there as a template, and most of the sewing that you had to do would be from memory or another guide source. Newer patterns give you guidance on sewing, but can be intimidating to look at.


For this tutorial, I rely mainly on a slightly older Simplicity pattern. It's dated 1995 and is simple to look at, but also includes all of the terminology and symbols commonly seen across multiple pattern brands. The packaging contains only the pattern, not the fabric needed to make it. In a sense, it contains the stencil that you'll use to cut out your fabric. 


Pattern Number
In the top left-hand corner, there is a series of four numbers, this is the pattern number. The pattern number is not always at the top-left, sometimes it is centered or on the right, but it can usually be found at the top and will be a series of four numbers.
When you're buying patterns in a store, generally you don't dig through bins of patterns right away. There's usually a table and chairs with books of different patterns laid out. You look through the books, which show you pictures of the pattern packaging, and once you find one that you're interested in, you check the pattern number and then go dig through bins or drawers to find the actual package.

Pattern numbers are also useful to know when sharing information about patterns that you find useful. They're akin to a pattern's unique name, even though some newer patterns do have official names or titles, the most accurate way to describe a pattern is with it's number. This pattern would be described as "Simplicity 9682". Knowing the year also helps, because with new releases, pattern companies tend to re-use numbers. Generally it's not an issue though, because usually when we share pattern numbers, it's because the person we're sharing them with intends to go and buy it, and if it's still in stores, the pattern number is still the same.

Pattern Size & Measurements
Below the pattern number, or elsewhere on the top, depending on the brand, you can find the pattern size. Each pattern package contains three or four sizes.

Pattern sizes vary dramatically from off-the-shelf clothing sizes. This one is labeled "Size U", which is about the most unhelpful size I've ever read. Next to that, it specifies "16, 18, 20", but these are not the same as a size 16, 18, or 20 dress that you would find in a store. On the back of the packaging, there is a list of measurements that indicate what size pattern you need. It usually looks something like this:
According to this pattern, someone with a 24 inch waist is a size 8. (Normally in off-the-rack clothing in the US, someone with a 24 inch waist is a size 0 or 2. In the UK, this is equivalent to a size 4 or 6.) If not all of your measurements match exactly to the same size, which they most likely won't because everyone's built differently, I recommend buying whichever size your largest measurement fits, because it's easier to alter patterns to be smaller than it is to make them larger. The only exceptions to this guideline include length measurements, such as back-neck to waist, since lengthening garments is relatively easy to do.

Download it, save it, print it out, keep it.
Knowing your measurements is a really important part of learning to sew for yourself, or if you're sewing for someone else, you need to know their measurements. Here's a really helpful chart for keeping track of your measurements. This chart also works for men, though men need an extra (inseam) measurement for pants as well. Do whatever you need to do to know these measurements as well as you can when you're shopping for patterns. You can memorize them, put them in your cell phone, write them on a post-it, or just plain bring the entire chart with you to the store. No one will care, I promise, we all just know that you're trying to get the best fit for your body, and that's admirable. The three most important measurements to know are bust, waist, and hips, unless you're only buying a pants pattern, in which case you'd need waist and waist to foot.

Back on the topic of the packaging:
Pattern "styles", or what the pattern will actually make, are indicated next to the picture(s) on the front of the pattern packaging.
This pattern can be used to make three different styles of a dress. The styles are labeled A, B, and C, where A is a summer dress with a sheer overlay, and B and C are single-layer summer dresses (no overlay), with B being a shorter version of C. It's a little confusing, but that's why there's pictures instead of just descriptions.


The back of this package looks really daunting. There's a lot of text and numbers, and it looks pretty complicated. Not to worry though, the entire right half is in French. Most patterns will have one or two translations, both on the package and on the pattern pieces themselves, and they're usually in Spanish and/or French.
Pattern Number
Again, the pattern number is on the top-left. It also says how many individual pattern pieces are included in this pattern. When you take the pieces out, they're on large sheets of this paper, and you have to cut them out first to use them with your fabric. This pattern has six pieces, so you might take out three large sheets of paper, and each large sheet will have two pattern pieces on it.

Back Details
Also on the left side, this package shows the back details for all of the styles of dresses shown on the front. Patterns with more variations or more pieces, such as accessories, will show more detail pictures so that you know exactly what you're getting.

Description, Fabrics, & Notions
At the top (disregarding the French half), you can find a detailed description of the garment that this pattern can make, what fabrics are recommended, and what notions you'll need. This one looks like this:

Some Quick Vocabulary:
  • pile - The extra thickness of fabric that can be found in fabric types such as fleece and velvet.
  • nap - The direction that the pile lays in, easiest to see in velvet or furs (the "correct" direction of the fur/velvet)
    • You need extra fabric for thing such as pile or nap, because ideally the pile and nap should be the same throughout your clothing. If you're using fur, for example, you wouldn't want the fur on the front of a coat to go downward, the fur on the back to go upward, and the fur on the sleeves to go sideways. It should all go in the same direction, downward.
  • notions - also referred to as "hardware"; pieces that you use in clothing that you cannot usually make yourself, such as zippers, hooks and eyes, thread, and buttons.
    • Patterns will often recommend buying the same brand of notions to match the pattern. This is not only to promote their own products, but also so that all of your notions match the measurements of the pattern. For example, some hooks and eyes are looser or slightly larger than others depending on brand, and some zippers can be slightly narrower. It is best, if you can, to match the brand of notion to the brand of pattern that you're using.
Measurements, Size, & Fabric
I already covered measurements and size, but it come into play again here. The back of the packaging will also tell you how many yards of fabric you need to buy. Once you know your measurements and size, simply follow the column downward to the style you want to use, and the width of the fabric you're buying.

Fabric Width:
When you buy fabric, it's rolled up on a bolt (basically a rectangular piece of cardboard), and can come in a width of 45 inches or 60 inches. To actually purchase the fabric, you need to have it cut by an employee, and it's usually measured by the yard. In this example, if you're making a size 10 dress in style A, and your fabric is 60" wide, you'll need to have 2 and a half yards cut.

For other styles, just follow the column farther down.

Garment Measurements
At the bottom of the package, you'll find the actual measurements of the finished garment, or at least what they're supposed to be if you make it 100% correctly.

[Part 2: Patterns Pieces &; Vocabulary | Part 3: Examples]